Needlestick Safety Resources



Needlestick Safety References:

1  American Nurses Association’s Needlestick Prevention Guide in PDF format,  

2  American Nurses Association, http://www.nursingworld.org/safeneedles     
             a. Safe Needles Nurse’s Tool Kit        
             b. Safe Needles Employer’s Tool Kit    

3.
Frequently Asked Questions,
    http://www.osha.gov/needlesticks/needlefaq.html

4  
Sharps Disposal Containers,
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgeYhOgI9Zc (Video)

5.
OSHA - Bloodborne Pathogens and Needlestick Prevention (search terms: needlestick and bloodborne)
  
6  
Revision to OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, Technical Background and Summary
     http://www.osha.gov/needlesticks/needlefact.html

7  
CDC – Information for Employers
    http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2009-111/pdfs/2009-111.pdf

8  Premier (see safety topics)           


Needlestick Safety Quiz

Q1. How common are needlestick injuries?
Q2. What should you do if stuck?
Q3. Who is at risk?
Q4. What strategies can help avoid needle stick safety problems?


Answers to Needlestick Safety Quiz:

Answer 1.

It is estimated that more than 800,000 injuries occur annually in the United States from needles and other sharps.  
More than half of these injuries are never officially reported. You should always report your injuries to your employer
immediately to ensure that you receive proper follow-up medical care.


Answer 2.

If you are stuck by a needle or other sharp or get blood or other potentially infectious materials in your eyes, nose,
mouth, or on broken skin, immediately flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with soap and water or
a skin disinfectant if available. Report this immediately to Dr. Neighbors and seek immediate medical attention.  If you
do sustain a needlestick injury, immediate action will limit your risk of serious infection
.
If you sustain a needlestick injury:
        a. Immediately report your injury to Dr. Neighbors; do not wait until the end of your shift or the end of the
procedure
        b.  Do not apply pressure to the wound; allow it to bleed freely
        c. Wash the wound with soap and water
        d. Identify the patient involved so that they can be evaluated for an infection
        e. Get a medical assessment
        f. Follow the directions for any necessary blood tests, vaccinations, or medications to prevent infection


Answer 3.

Nurses, phlebotomists, physicians, physicians' assistants, technicians and public health and safety workers may be
at risk because of the type of work they perform.  In general, you are at risk of injury or infection if you handle sharps,
such as, hypodermic needles, IV catheters, phlebotomy devices, suture needles, scalpels, or lancets.


Answer 4.

a. Be sure you receive training on any new safety devices
b. Always use safety devices.
c. Place a sharps disposal container close to the procedure area.
d. Limit interruptions during procedures
e. Explain the procedure to patients to gain their cooperation and avoid potential movement during the procedure
f.  Ask for assistance with patients that might be uncooperative, such as children

Dispose with care:
Never recap needles!
Dispose of used needles in sharps disposal containers
Avoid overfilling sharps disposal containers

Care for yourself:
Get a hepatitis B vaccination; this should be provided at no cost by your employer
Report all needlestick and other injuries